目录

代码注入

目录

代码注入是一种向目标进程插入独立运行代码并使之运行的技术,一般调用CreateRemoteThread()API以远程线程形式运行插入的代码,所以也被称为线程注入。
首先向目标进程插入代码和数据,在此过程中,代码以线程过程形式插入,而代码中使用的数据则以线程参数的形式传入,也就是说代码与数据是分别注入的。

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// CodeInjection.cpp : 此文件包含 "main" 函数。程序执行将在此处开始并结束。  
//  
#include "windows.h"  
#include "stdio.h"  
#include "windef.h"  
typedef struct _THREAD_PARAM  
{  
	//FARPROC是一个(int FAR WINAPI*)()类型的指针  
	FARPROC pFunc[2];  // LoadLibraryA(), GetProcAddress()  
	char szBuf[4][128];  // "user32.dll", "MessageBoxA",  
	                     // "www.reversecore.com", "ReverseCore"  
} THREAD_PARAM, *PTHREAF_PARAM;  
  
// LoadLibraryA() 函数指针PFLOADLIBRARYA  
typedef HMODULE (WINAPI *PFLOADLIBRARYA)(LPCSTR lpLibFileName);  
  
// GetProcAddress()  
typedef FARPROC (WINAPI *PFGETPROCADDRESS)  
(  
	HMODULE hModule,  
	LPCSTR lpProcName  
);  
  
// MessageBoxA()  
typedef int (WINAPI *PFMESSAGEBOXA)  
(  
	HWND hWnd,  
	LPCSTR lpText,  
	LPCSTR lpCaption,  
	UINT uType  
);  
  
// Thread Procedure  
DWORD WINAPI ThreadProc(LPVOID lParam)  
{  
	PTHREAF_PARAM pParam = (PTHREAF_PARAM)lParam;  
	HMODULE hMod = NULL;  
	FARPROC pFunc = NULL;  
  
	// LoadLibraryA("user32.dll")  
	// pParam->pFunc[0] -> kernel32!LoadLibraryA()  
	// pParam->szBuf[0] -> "user32.dll"  
	hMod = ((PFLOADLIBRARYA)pParam->pFunc[0])(pParam->szBuf[0]);  
  
	// GetProcAddress("MessageBoxA")  
	// pParam->pFunc[1] -> kernel32!GetProcAddress()  
	// pParam->szBuf[1] -> "MessageBoxA"  
	pFunc = (FARPROC)((PFGETPROCADDRESS)pParam->pFunc[1])(hMod,   
		pParam->szBuf[1]);  
  
	// MessageBoxA(NULL, "www...", "ReverseCore", MB_OK)  
	// pParam->szBuf[2] = "www..."  
	// pParam->szBuf[3] = "ReverseCore"  
	((PFMESSAGEBOXA)pFunc)(NULL, pParam->szBuf[2], pParam->szBuf[3], MB_OK);  
  
	return 0;  
}  
  
BOOL InjectCode(DWORD dwPID)  
{  
	HMODULE hMod = NULL;  
	THREAD_PARAM param = { 0, };  
	HANDLE hProcess = NULL;  
	HANDLE hThread = NULL;  
	LPVOID pRemoteBuf[2] = { 0, };  
	DWORD dwSize = 0;  
  
	hMod = GetModuleHandleA("kernel32.dll");  
  
	param.pFunc[0] = GetProcAddress(hMod, "LoadLibraryA");  
	param.pFunc[1] = GetProcAddress(hMod, "GetProcAddress");  
	strcpy_s(param.szBuf[0], "user32.dll");  
	strcpy_s(param.szBuf[1], "MessageBoxA");  
	strcpy_s(param.szBuf[2], "www.reversecore.com");  
	strcpy_s(param.szBuf[3], "ReverseCore");  
  
	// OpenProcess  
	hProcess = OpenProcess(PROCESS_ALL_ACCESS,  
		FALSE,  
		dwPID);  
  
	// Allocation for THREAD_PRARM  
	dwSize = sizeof(THREAD_PARAM);  
	pRemoteBuf[0] = VirtualAllocEx(hProcess,   
		NULL, dwSize, MEM_COMMIT, PAGE_READWRITE);  
	if (pRemoteBuf[0] == NULL)  
	{  
		printf("VirtualAllocEx failed\n");  
		return FALSE;  
	}  
	if (!WriteProcessMemory(hProcess,  
		pRemoteBuf[0], (LPVOID)&param, dwSize, NULL))  
	{  
		printf("WriteProcessMemory failed\n");  
		return FALSE;  
	}  
  
	// Allocation for ThreadProc  
	dwSize = (DWORD)InjectCode - (DWORD)ThreadProc;  
	printf("dwSize: %d\n", dwSize);  
	pRemoteBuf[1] = VirtualAllocEx(hProcess, NULL, dwSize,  
		MEM_COMMIT, PAGE_EXECUTE_READWRITE);  // 这里注意要有可执行权限  
	if (pRemoteBuf[1] == NULL)  
	{  
		printf("VirtualAllocEx failed\n");  
		return FALSE;  
	}  
	if (!WriteProcessMemory(hProcess, pRemoteBuf[1],  
		(LPVOID)ThreadProc, dwSize, NULL))  
	{  
		printf("WriteProcessMemory failed\n");  
		return FALSE;  
	}  
  
	hThread = CreateRemoteThread(hProcess,  
		NULL,  
		0,  
		(LPTHREAD_START_ROUTINE)pRemoteBuf[1],  
		pRemoteBuf[0],  
		0,  
		NULL);  
	if (hThread == NULL)  
	{  
		printf("CreateRemoteThread failed\n");  
		return FALSE;  
	}  
  
	WaitForSingleObject(hThread, INFINITE);  
  
	CloseHandle(hThread);  
	CloseHandle(hProcess);  
  
	return TRUE;  
}  
  
int main(int argc, char *argv[])  
{  
	DWORD dwPID = 0;  
  
	if (argc != 2)  
	{  
		printf("\n usage: %s PID\n", argv[0]);  
		return 1;  
	}  
  
	dwPID = (DWORD)atol(argv[1]);  
	InjectCode(dwPID);  
  
	return 0;  
}  

执行的时候注意要生成release版本,因为MS Virual C++中使用Release模式编译程序代码后,源代码中函数顺序与二进制代码中的顺序是一致的,所以代码中的InjectCode-ThreadProc才可以表示ThreadProc函数的大小。
将PID设置成notepad.exe的PID时,结果如下: